Scientists have discovered that streaming potent non-invasive magnet stimulation on a particular brain region can enhance the signs of OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder). This paves the route for treating the huge minority of patients who don’t respond to traditional therapy. OCD is generally described as recurring urges or thoughts, or extreme repetitive behaviors that a person feels obsessed to carry out.
Usually, medication, like Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, for example, clomipramine (Anafranil), or Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, for example, Sertraline (Paxil) or fluoxetine (Prozac/Sarafem), and ERP (exposure and response prevention) therapy that presents the patient with the material of his urges/obsessions without carrying out the compulsions are used for treating OCD. Nevertheless, between a third and a half of sufferers do not counter efficiently to the treatment.
A kind of brain stimulation method, Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (dTMS) is wherein pulsed magnetic fields are produced by a coil positioned on the scalp. The neuronal circuits are triggered by the magnetic fields at the target brain region, leading to symptom enhancement. It is clinically utilized for treating a few complex depression cases.
In this study, 99 study volunteers with OCD were allocated to either be dTMS treatment or to obtain sham treatment (pretend treatment). All the study participants had earlier failed to retort to antidepressant treatment. Following 6 Weeks, from those being treated, 38% of them responded. They demonstrated an average decrease of over 30% in symptom severity, compared to 11% of participants obtaining the sham treatment.
On the other end, as per a separate study data issued in the Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, apathy was found to be linked to depressive signs and deficits in decision-making functioning in individuals with OCD. According to this information, a central role might be played by apathy in the disability brought about OCD. Nevertheless, provided the small sample size, findings must be speculated with care.